Energy saving in everyday life

All the measures that a family can take to improve their lifestyle in the new environment can be divided into four areas:

1. Saving resources: water, gas, heat, etc. To do this, you simply need to adjust your household habits and take simple steps, such as adjusting your faucets and installing heat shields behind radiators.
2. Warming of the room. For example, window replacement or bonding, roof insulation, ventilation system upgrades, and more.
3. Installation of metering devices. This will only pay for the resources consumed.
4. Transition to more modern, energy-saving and alternative energy sources and communication systems. For example, replacing a gas boiler with a solid fuel through a government loan program, and installing wind turbines.

Saves hot water

1. Close the water if you do not use water here and now. There is nothing complicated about closing the faucet while shaving, brushing your teeth, removing peels from vegetables and fruits. If it’s not easy to think about it, it’s worth installing an electronic mixer. Then the water will only flow when someone raises their hands or dishes.
2. It is more economical to use a mixer in the form of a handle than the standard two taps. You can set a comfortable temperature, switch on and off the faucet in one go, and not rotate the faucets every time, wasting water and wasting time.
3. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the plumbing and repair it on time. From the leaking tap, hundreds and thousands of liters of water are poured every month. This equals several baths.
4. If the house has central water supply, then it is necessary to install water meters, both hot and cold. Otherwise, people will pay from their own pocket for every break in the track or for a neighbor who has not repaired their crane.
5. Take a more economical shower than a bath. Water-spraying nozzles will consume several times less water.
6. To save water while washing dishes, a double sink should be installed. Then you can wash dishes in one part and rinse in the other.
7. It is not recommended to defrost foods – meat, fish – under the stream. This is not only a waste of water and heat, but also the destruction of the nutrients of products.
8. Consumables that save labor, time and resources should be used. For example, automatic washing machines, dishwashers and more.
9. The water valve must be closed if the premises are left for several days.

Save energy

1. Turn off the light if no one is in the room.
2. Use energy efficient light bulbs. LED energy-saving bulbs that are free of harmful substances should be installed.
3. Motion sensors – the ability to save electricity when it is not needed. In apartment buildings, they should be installed in corridors, porches, stairs and other shared areas. In a private house – near the door and in the yard.
4. Energy saving household appliances are marked with an “A” or “A +”. A refrigerator of this class will consume 30-50% less electricity than a device of the same volume of brand “B”.
5. Standby for your computer is appropriate if you leave it on for a few minutes instead of overnight. Devices that are not used by anyone should be switched off. Better yet, unplug the socket altogether. Not only will this save energy, it will also save your devices from the effects of possible power outages. You can also install circuit breakers.
6. You cannot leave battery operated devices (such as mobile phones) on for longer than is required to fully charge the battery.
7. Keep the fridge and freezer clean, free of ice and snow, and regularly defrost these appliances. Make sure that the doors are tightly closed.
8. Cool food before refrigerating. First, the hot pan will force the refrigerator to work more intensively, and secondly, it will heat up other products and they may get spoiled.
9. The optimum temperature in the refrigerator is zero to five degrees Celsius. Adjust it according to the temperature of the kitchen and the number of products.
10. Simple household items often store significant amounts of gas and electricity. For example, the refrigerator should be located away from the hob, heater, column or boiler, battery and direct sunlight, and modern cooking devices, such as multi-cookers, allow you to cook 2-3 meals at a time, which saves both gas and electricity.
11. Use microwave ovens, MX ovens and induction cookers – they work quickly and economically.

Saves heat and gas

1. The heat meter in an apartment connected to the central heating allows you to track how much heat you have received and pay only for that amount.
2. The thermostatic valve on the radiator will allow you to control the temperature in the house, apartment or separate room.
3. The size of the heating appliance must be the same as the size of the space to be heated and should be switched off if no one is in the house.
4. Heating appliances and radiators will be more effective if they are not covered by furniture, heavy curtains, clothing or decorative panels.
5. A warm floor system is a way to bring heat to where it is most needed. For example, under a desk or floor area where residents go.
6. Before starting each heating season, check the system. Air plugs should be removed, leaks should be repaired, paying particular attention to connection points of system parts. This will avoid breakouts during system operation during cold periods.
7. The gas column or boiler, which has been working for 15-20 years, should be replaced, as over time these devices lose effectiveness.
8. Much of the heat from the home is lost in three ways: through doors and windows, through the roof and through the exterior walls. Accordingly, they should be insulated. The most affordable option that anyone can choose is to insulate the windows with foam strips, pull up the door hinges and additionally trim the doors themselves, blow out the foam of the place of exit and entrance of pipes from the house.
9. Double or triple glazed windows reduce heat loss several times.
10. It is necessary to increase the insulation of the front door, paying attention to the bottom, top and side joints between the door and the wall.
11. Dense curtains help to keep heat in the house, but prevent the heat from the radiators.
12. A thick carpet reduces the heat flowing through the floor.
13. Modernization of the ventilation system, namely heat recovery, is a real way of saving.

Reduction of heat loss by warming

Insulation of fencing structures. Enclosures are walls, foundations, ceilings, attics, cellars and more. Use materials such as expanded polystyrene, extruded expanded polystyrene, mineral wafers, basalt slabs, energy-saving paints to insulate them. A good option – special multi-layer insulation systems.
Insulation of opening structures. These are windows, windows, doors, balconies. Install double-glazed windows in windows and balconies. When replacing the front door, adjust the door size and insulate all joints. Old doors can be used as additional (double doors) if it is structurally possible.
Installation of individual (modular) heat stations with regulation of the amount of coolant being supplied. After high quality insulation work, you may find that you just do not need the amount of heat that the centralized network supplies. And so you will again let out heat, but now not through drafts, but through open windows. This problem can be solved by installing a thermostatic valve on the radiator, which will allow you to control the temperature in the house, apartment or separate room